Natural Language Understanding Wiki

3 NLP curves as appeared in Cambria & White 2014

NLP curve is a putative course of development of NLP according to Cambria & White (2014)[1] There are three curves with respective characteristic models:

  • Syntactics curve: bag-of-words model
  • Semantics curve: bag-of-concepts
  • Pragmatics curve: bag-of-narratives


  1. Cambria, E., & White, B. (2014). Jumping NLP curves: A review of natural language processing research. IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine, 9(2), 48-57.