Natural Language Understanding Wiki

Early works[]

Rada et al. (1989)[1]

First trend: Roget's thesaurus[]

McHale (1998)[2]

Second trend: WordNet[]

Resnik (1995)[3], Jiang & Conrath (1997)[4]

Third trend: Distributional semantics[]

Forth trend: Neural networks[]


  1. R. Rada, H. Mili, E. Bicknell, and M. Blettner. De- velopment and application of a metric on seman- tic nets. Systems, Man and Cybernetics, IEEE Transactions on, 19(1):17–30, Jan 1989. ISSN 0018-9472. doi: 10.1109/21.24528.
  2. Michael L. McHale. A Comparison of WordNet and Roget’s Taxonomy for Measuring Semantic Similarity. In Proceedings of the Workshop on Usage of WordNet in Natural Language Processing Systems at the 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics & the 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (COLING-ACL’98), pages 115–120. Association for Computational Linguistics, 1998.
  3. Resnik, P. (1995) "Using Information Content to Evaluate Semantic Similarity in a Taxonomy", Proceedings of the 14~ International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 1,448-453, Montreal, August 1995.
  4. Jiang, JJ. and D.W. Conrath (1997) "Semantic Similarity Based on Corpus Statistics and Lexical Taxonomy", in Proceedings of ROCLINGX (1997) International Conference on Research in Computational Linguistics,Taiwan, 1997.